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Employment Opportunities
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EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Conducive  agro climatic conditions, rich alpine pastures and other natural endowments provide enormous scope and potential for rearing of sheep and goats in the State. Sheep Husbandry is the core activity of rural masses and plays a vital role in the economic upliftment of most of the under privileged communities and farmers. The main focus of the department is to increase mutton and wool production through implementation of cross breeding programmes. Prevention and control of diseases viz a viz curtailing economic losses to farmers and promotion of scientific rearing practices besides extending various related facilities to sheep breeders.

SIGNIFICANT ACHIEVEMENTS

  • Development of Kashmir Merino---a fine wool breed comparable with exotic fine wool breeds of sheep in economic traits.
  • 70% crossbred level achieved in sheep population of valley.

·         An increase of 20.97% in wool and 15.38% in  mutton registered from 1997 to 2003 Livestock Census.

·         State has earned a niche in fine wool production with 70% of fine wool exports to neighboring states for utilization in worsted sector.

·         Significant progress achieved in Pashmina development with introduction of Pashmina in nontraditional belts viz Kargil etc. resulting substantial increase in Pashmina goat population during last decade.

·         Morbidity and mortality in sheep and goat has been reduced, though there is scope for further improvement in this field.

·         Pilot studies are under way in embryo transfer technology and introduction of Dorper breed of sheep (a mutton breed)

·         Introduction of Rabbits in the State.

Scope/Opportunities for sheep Development

·         The State has 126 thousand hectors under permanent pastures and grazing area, which provide  ample opportunities for sheep development in the State.

 

·         Free foraging of small ruminants on alpine pastures, sub-alpines and waste lands for 7-8 months on semi- migratory mode of rearing and round the year on migratory mode optimizing the input costs.

·         Sheep farming is admitably a profitable venture as  it is capital oriented not labour intensive.

·         The consumption of mutton  (Sheep meat) in valley is very high as compared to rest of country due to socio- cultural and climatic condition.

·         In India Bovine meet contributes 60% of the total meat requirements while as contribution of  small ruminants (Sheep & Goat) is only 15%. The situation in Jammu & Kashmir is reverse with small ruminants contributing 60% to the total meat consumption.

·         With available sheep and Goat population of 65.90 lacs, the State at present is importing 2/3rd of its mutton requirements.

·         On an average 14 lacs sheep are imported into the State annually.

·         The total flight of capital on account of import of livestock products is to the extent of 1400 crores and import of mutton being major contributor to this flight of capital.

·         There is a yawning gap between supply and demand position of mutton, which can be tapped  and in fact utilized to our advantage for increasing the local mutton production, thus preventing flight of capital on this account, besides providing ample opportunities for generating employment in this sector.

·         Readily available market at door step. Famous Kashmiri apple produced has to find i5ts market outside the state while as there is a readily available market for the mutton within the State.

Machine shearing training 

Unemployed youth who want to earn by shearing the sheep can do so by contacting District Sheep Husbandry Officer at concerned district headquarter. The desirous youth shall be imparted training of machine shearing with back up facilities to be provided by the department.

Schemes for employment generation

    Mini Sheep Farming(50 ewe unit)

     i-   Bankable scheme with an financial involvement                                 Rs.2.37 lacs

                      a-  Bank loan                                                                                         Rs.2.00 lacs

                      b- Marginal money (beneficiaries contribution)=                                 Rs.0.37 lacs

                      c- Subsidy (Extended by the Deptt.)                                                      Rs.0,60 lacs

ii-   No. of units to be established during the current

       financial year      =  500@50 units/District.   

iii-  Target group      = Un employed youth, marginal farmers.

   iv-   Logistic support extended by the department.

v-   Units to be established  in cluster formation.

 

Sheep Farming under participatory mode

i-       Non Bankable scheme.

ii-      Unit Size          =25 ewes

iii-     Livestock initially provided on loan basis and  retrieved in phased  manner from  3rd year on wards for establishment of further fresh units.

iv-     Target group   =Unemployed youth, small farmers  having less livestock   holding

          (<  10 sheep).

v-       Units to be established in cluster formation.

vi-      Logistic support extended by the department.

vii-      No. of units to be established during the current  financial  year = 20, @ 2 units/

                                district.

Goat farming under participatory mode

i-       Non Bankable scheme.

ii-      Unit Size          =10 Does

iii-     Livestock initially provided on loan basis and  retrieved in phased manner from

          3rd year onwards for establishment of further fresh units.

   iv-      Target group  =Unemployed youth, small farmers having less livestock holding

              (<  5 goats). 

v-       Units to be established in cluster formation.

   vi-      Logistic support extended by the department.

Large scale commercial sheep Farming.

i-     Non-bankable scheme and bankable scheme for unemployed youth in reference

        to employment package announced by the Government.

 

               ii-    Unit size---100 sheep  &200 sheep.

   iii-    Graded incentive in the shape of subsidy for      the inputs except  capitalized.

   v-   Self sustaining, economically viable units. 

               iv-   Un-employed youth to be sponsored by  concerned  District Employment Exchanges.

               v-   Self sustaining, economically viable units. 

Rabbit keeping --a profitable venture.

i.    Rabbits are highly prolific, early maturing (6 months)

      with short gestation period of one month.

ii.   Efficient feed conversion  ratio.

iii.  Rabbits are raised for meat, fur and wool.

iv.  Rabbit meat  is leanest meat of all halal meats (low in fat and sodium)

         v.    Rabbits are herbivorous and eat all types foliages, grasses and vegetables.

         vi.   One female rabbit produces about 35 rabbits in a  year.

         vii.  Rabbits of Angora breed produce about 500 to 800 grams of rabbit wool per year     

                 (approximate cost of raw angora wool Rs. 1000/ per kg.)

         viii.  Establishment of rabbit units under participatory mode, a non- bankable scheme 

                  wherein initially  Rabbits  5+1   are supplied by the department free of cost on loan  

                  basis and subsequently retrieved in phased manner from the progeny stock.       

Logistic support by the Department

              The department will provide the following facilities:

 

Logistic support by the Department

              The department  provides  following facilities;

a- Optimal breeding cover.

b-  Veterinary Health Care.

c-  Technical guidance at door step.

               d-  Market Intervention of sheep & sheep products.

               e-  Value addition to the products viz; Wool by machine  shearing &  grading.    

f-  Re-numerative prices for sale of Elite germplasm produced  by such units.

               g-  Development of land for fodder production  under   Horti-pastoral system.

               h-  Vety Health care/ Management at alpines (High  Land pastures).

 i-                    Introduction of improvised managemental practices for  scientific upkeep of  livestock.

j-  Free Training of entrepreneurs/ beneficiaries at Government Sheep Breeding  Farms

    prior to  establishment  of    the ventures.

              k-  Lab to land programmes;

?  Organisation of awareness camps with visual presentation.

?  Farm Darshan Programmes.

 

  Preparation of project reports:

Who are interested in these schemes, they should contact District Sheep Husbandry Officer at respective district headquarter for preparation of project reports.           

 

 REQUIREMENTS FOR SHEEP REARING

  1. Accommodation:             One square meter per adult sheep including feeding space

 

     2.  Feeding Schedule:        a)  Hay per day……………………one kilogram to one and a half kilogram  (depending upon quality of hay)  

                                                              

b) Oats/Rye grass/ Red clover/ Jangli hay/lave hay……………..          1 Kilogram

                                                                                                                         

                                                                            

c)  Maize/M.P.Cheri/Paddy straw/ Looping ………………………..           one and  half kilogram

 

 

 

  1. Concentrate allowance:                              300-500 grams

i.                     Unproductive ram ….………………………………..            300 grams

ii.                   Pregnant  ewe :       ………………………………….            500 grams

4.       Platted Feed/ Maize/Wheat Bran/  oil cakes/Soya med/Rice polish  and crushed husk :   300-500 grams

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                     

5.       Salt, Mineral mixture:                                  5%

         Fodder yield per kanal of land

i.                     Oats (hay)                                                  3 to 3.5 quintals per Kanal

 

ii.                   Rye grass (hay)                                         4 to 5 quintals  annually

 

iii.                  M.P.Cherri (hay) (kharief)                  4 quintals per kanal

 

 

 

Large scale sheep farming under Integrated Development of Small Remnants and Rabbits (IDSRR0):

 Under this scheme a unit of 500 sheep is established with 33 ½ subsidy.  The scheme has been implemented in the whole valley.