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Achievements of Department
 


New Page 1 Achievements 

            The state of Jammu and Kashmir is rich in livestock resources and people especially in rural areas have been traditionally associated with it for livelihood. Sheep is an important class of livestock preferred in Kashmir especially for its meat which is well relished as all season food in Kashmir. The wool of sheep too is superior mostly exported to outside states for textile manufacture

A lot of development has taken place in sheep sector over the years which include increase in flock strength, development of better productive flocks, increase in meat and wool production, better disease management and lesser losses due to deaths More importantly the farming now is not restricted to a particular class or community of people but people of elite and educated background realize the importance of sheep and scope of its farming and such people come forward to set their sheep farms  on commercial lines. The introduction of quality flocks attracts more people towards this farming, fetching better returns and remunerations, have resulted in increased flock holdings. The average holding has increased to about 25-30 animals from mere 6-8 reared in backyard earlier. A commercial concept is developing and the sheep farming is becoming organized

 

            Meat and Wool Production of Kashmir (including Laadakh)

The mutton production has increased from 128.81 lac Kgs in the year 2014-15 to 131.28 lac kgs in the year 2016-17 indicating a growth rate of 1.91%.

The wool production has increased from 35.66 lac kgs in the year 2014-15 to 38.58 lac kgs in the year 2016-17 indicating a growth rate of 8.18 %.

The pashmina production has increased from 0.460 lac kgs in the year 2014-15 to 0.485 lac kgs in the year 2016-17 indicating a growth rate of 5.43 %.

During the current year the province till date has recorded mutton, wool and pashmina production of 118.45 lac kgs, 22.26 lac kgs and 0.50 lac kgs respectively

 

           Health care/control of diseases

The healthcare system of the department for the livestock has always been proactive and vibrant. The departmental programmes are being executed through 549 Sheep Extension Centres and 53 First Aid Centres which are extended throughout length and breadth of Kashmir including ladakh.

With an emphasis more on preventive medicine the department has been carrying out door to door immunization and anthelmintic dosing etc. of the flocks. Introduction of new breeds and exotic blood had made the flocks vulnerable to the diseases posing a big challenge to the department to control the disease outbreaks and the mortality. The department has over the years developed a very good disease diagnosis and control facility. The department as a routine immunizes flocks against sheep pox, enterotoxaemia, Foot and Mouth Disease and Pesti des Petitis Ruminants (PPR).

            Physical Achievements for the last three years

In order to keep the losses on account of diseases and deaths under check the department conducts timely dosings, vaccinations, dippings and treatments.

 

2014-15

2016-17

Remarks

Dosings

51.47 lac No.s

55.17 lac No.s

Indicating an increase in dosings by 7.18 %.

Vaccinations

19.00 lac No.s

21.90 lac No.s

Indicating an increase in vaccinations by 15.26 %.

Dippings/Foot bath

36.95 lac No.s

41.96 lac No.s

Indicating an increase in dippings/footbaths by 13.55%.

Treatment

11.72 lac No.s

11.80 lac No.s

Indicating meagre increase in need for treatments by 0.68%.

 

During the current year till date 39.35 lac dosings, 13.53 lac vaccinations, 31.08 lac Dippings/footbaths and 8.61 lac treatments have been conducted in sheep and goats of valley and Ladakh.

 

           Genetic up-gradation

Elite quality Rams/Bucks are being produced at Govt. Farms for distribution to field for vertical growth of livestock. During last four years 3084 Rams and Bucks produced at different govt. farms of the Kashmir and Ladakh were disturbed to field.

The department also procures Rams from the local gene pool for utilizing them as breeding rams in private flocks. These rams possess distinct & exceptional growth & wool characteristics. The procurement of these quality rams ensures preservation of superior germplasm for breeding purpose and fulfils the requirement of quality breeding cover in field to an extent. During last four years about 868 such Rams were procured from field.

 

             Employment Generation

The department besides popularizing the establishment of sheep & goat farms in private sector also assists the interested persons in establishing sheep & goat units under central and state sector schemes.

During last four years ‘1343 sheep and goat units’ were established under various schemes which resulted in provision of direct employment to 1458 persons .

            Infrastructure Development

In order to ensure better delivery of services to sheep farmers and timely health care to the sheep and goat population the department constructed 22 new Vety. hospitals and dispensaries under centrally sponsored scheme “Establishment and Strengthening of Veterinary Hospitals & Dispensaries (ESVHD)” and 5 new are under construction.

Moreover, Sheep Extension Centres and other departmental buildings are being constructed in province including Ladakh under NABARD (RIDF), State/district plan etc. 44 such structures have been constructed and 21 others are under construction.

 

            Upgradation of Disease diagnostic facilities

The Disease diagnosis facilities are being upgraded by developing infrastructure in terms of equipment, human resource and other assets. Use of Polymerase Chain Reaction has been introduced for confirmation and timely diagnosis. The PCR based protocols have been standardized for confirmation of various clostridial diseases and Brucella abortus and mellitensis. The microagglutinatin test (MAT) for antibody titer against brucella infection in sheep and goat has also been standardized. The department has developed infrastructure for sophisticated enzyme linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA) testing for different diseases.

 

             Star ewe concept

The concept involves the accelerated lambing system to improve overall productivity. The programme was introduced on trial basis at Sheep Breeding Farm Kralpathri, Budgam in May 2016 using the technology developed by the Central Sheep Research Institute Avikanagar Rajasthan which involves harvesting 3 lamb crops per ewe in two years. The study is under way and shall be carried out for two years. If results would be substantial the programme shall be extended to other departmental farms and to field as well.

 

       Introgression of Fec-B Gene

Interventions are afoot to increase the mean litter size from 0.8 to 1.2 – 1.4 by introgression of high fecundity gene (Fec-B) which ultimately will increase the annual culling rate from present 30% to 45-50% thus contributing significantly to mutton production. Pilot studies in this regard have been taken-up at Sheep Breeding Farm Goabal. Initially 264 ewes of the farm were bred with 07 heterozygous /homozygous rams from SKUAST-K. The F1 obtained are being bred since 2012-13. Later the sphere of the activity shall be extended in the field flocks as well.