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Fine wool development (Merino)
Adoption of dual purpose Sheep in Orchard belts.
Introduction and propagation of fur sheep (Karakul) in Cold Arid
Goat development till recently remained in the back burner.
Redrafting of breeding
policy under anvil with particular thrust on.
Mutton production without sacrificing the gains achieved in wool ---- A
breeder friendly approach.
Introduction of early maturing, fast growing muttonous breed of sheep (Dorper).
Increasing mean litre size (Fecundity intervention).
Selective breeding of Changthangi sheep in Ladakh Division.
Consolidation of Karakul Sheep in selected areas of Kargil District for
Introduction of Khagani Goat.
Up-gradation of local goat by Introduction of Khagani goat for milk &
Introduction of exotic Boer Goat.
Selective breeding of Pashmina goat.
Introduction of Pashmina Goat in non-traditional areas.
The primary objective of
the Sheep Husbandry Department Kashmir is to increase the production of mutton
and wool. To achieve the said objective,
the Department has adopted multi-pronged strategy which includes implementation
of crossbreeding programmes, providing of prophylactic and curative
health care facilities, promotion of
management & breeding
and investigation and control of the livestock
diseases, achieving higher
levels of fodder production and productivity through adoption of improvised
agronomic practices round
The department has two main
i- Extension wing
ii- Production wing
Field extension activities are being
carried out through a network of 549 sheep extension centres and 53
First aid centres run by internal arrangements spread throughout the length
and breadth of the Kashmir province. These centres establish a vital link
between the department and the breeders with a view to implement various
departmental programmes and extension activities in the field. The technical
personnel/ staff available at sheep extension centre provide facilities to the
breeders at their door step.
There are 11 sheep & 05 Goat breeding farms in
Kashmir province which act as prime production centres for elite Germplasm. The
rams/bucks produced at these centres (Farm) are utilized for crossbreeding of
local livestock through filed extension agencies.
Before cross breeding programme Local Sheep yielded only 0.9 kg`s
(average) of coarse coloured wool and 9 – 12 kg`s of mutton at slaughter age.
Department evolved Kashmir Merino breed of sheep.
Creation of Sheep Husbandry Department as a separate entity.
Cross breeding programme started and exotic blood level maintained
Wool yield reached 2.5 kg`s (average) with a fineness of 21 – 22
Mutton yield touched 18 kg`s (average) at slaughter age.
Creation of separate provincial Directorate for Kashmir &
70% conversion achieved.
Combable wool production increased.
70% of wool exported to neighbouring states for apparel industry..
To meet Stud Ram requirement additional Sheep Breeding Farms
Goat Development strategies explored.
Goat Breeding Farm established under internal adjustment.
State meets 45% of annual local mutton requirements at present