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Breeding Policy

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Breeding Policy.

Sheep Sector

         Fine wool  development (Merino)

         Adoption of dual purpose Sheep in Orchard belts.

         Introduction and propagation of fur sheep (Karakul) in Cold Arid Regions.

Goat Sector

         Goat development till recently remained in the back burner.


Redrafting of breeding policy under anvil with particular thrust on.

Sheep Sector

         Mutton production without sacrificing the gains achieved in wool ---- A breeder friendly approach.

         Introduction of early maturing, fast growing muttonous breed of sheep (Dorper).

         Increasing mean litre size (Fecundity intervention).

         Selective breeding of Changthangi sheep in Ladakh Division.

         Consolidation of Karakul Sheep in selected areas of Kargil District for mutton development.


Goat Sector

         Introduction of Khagani Goat.

         Up-gradation of local goat by Introduction  of  Khagani goat for milk & Chevon.

         Introduction of exotic Boer Goat.

         Selective breeding of Pashmina goat.

         Introduction of Pashmina Goat in non-traditional areas.






The primary objective of the Sheep Husbandry Department Kashmir is to increase the production of mutton and wool.  To achieve the said objective, the Department has adopted multi-pronged strategy which includes implementation of crossbreeding programmes, providing of prophylactic and curative health care facilities, promotion of Scientific management & breeding practices, and investigation and control of the livestock diseases, achieving higher levels of fodder production and productivity through adoption of improvised agronomic practices round the year.

The department has two main wings :-

    i- Extension wing

   ii- Production wing

Extension wing

            Field extension activities are being carried out through a network of 549 sheep extension centres and 53 First aid centres run by internal arrangements spread throughout the length and breadth of the Kashmir province.  These centres establish a vital link between the department and the breeders with a view to implement various departmental programmes and extension activities in the field.  The technical personnel/ staff available at sheep extension centre provide facilities to the breeders at their door step. 

Production wing

There are 11 sheep & 05 Goat breeding farms in Kashmir province which act as prime production centres for elite Germplasm. The rams/bucks produced at these centres (Farm) are utilized for crossbreeding of local livestock through filed extension agencies.



Notable achievements

         Before cross breeding programme Local Sheep yielded only 0.9 kg`s (average) of coarse coloured wool and 9 12 kg`s of mutton at slaughter age.

         Department evolved Kashmir Merino breed of sheep.

         Creation of Sheep Husbandry Department as a separate entity.

         Cross breeding programme started and exotic blood level maintained at 75%.

         Wool yield reached 2.5 kg`s (average) with a fineness of 21 22 microns.

         Mutton yield touched 18 kg`s (average) at slaughter age.

         Creation of separate provincial Directorate for Kashmir & Jammu

         70% conversion achieved.

         Combable wool production increased.

         70% of wool exported to neighbouring states for apparel industry..

         To meet Stud Ram requirement additional Sheep Breeding Farms established.

         Goat Development strategies explored.

         Goat Breeding Farm established under internal adjustment.

         State meets 45% of annual local mutton requirements at present