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Profile of District Organisations



The department of sheep husbandry came into existence in early sixties with the objective of promotion of sheep farming on larger scale by exploiting natural resources like climatic conditions and availability of vast meadowlands on the top f hills. The very onerous job of the department was to convert? low producing indigenous sheep into more productive cross bred type and thus increasing wool and mutton production in the state and simultaneous growth in the economic condition of its farmers and alleviation of poverty. Cross breeding programme which had started even before independence got a fillip and perseverance and steady efforts of the department lead to evolution of the ?KASHMIR MERINO? breed which is well acclimatized to the local conditions and comparable to the best wool breeds of the world. The up gradation programme for developing better productive strains with more emphasis on improved mutton productivity is continuing. These all programmes along with health care and disease control activities in flocks wee initially taken up by projects in the districts and latter converted into District sheep husbandry organisations and there is one such organisation for each district of the state executing all the sheep development activities in the field. Each organisation is lead by a District sheep husbandry officer with sub ordinate Block veterinary officer/ Sheep and wool development officers implementing the departmental activities through sheep extension centers and first aid centers. There are presently 449 sheep extension centers and 53 first aid centers spread in the Kashmir division performing the activities which include.

1. Up gradation of local flocks by cross breeding to increase mutton and wool production by providing free breeding coverage.

2. Veterinary health care including anthelminthic dosing, vaccination against important diseases like sheep pox ,clostridial diseases, foot and mouth  disease? PPR etc, to control economic 

     losses to farmers by way of morbidity and mortality.

3. Arranging machine shearing for farmers flocks for value addition of wool.

4. Establishment of income generating units under various schemes.

5. Extension and awareness activities.

6. Implementation of infrastructure development programmes.

7. Execution and implementation of other sheep related works and programmes under district and state sectors.