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Profile of District Srinagar

SRINAGAR SHOPIAN PULWAMA LEH KUPWARAKULGAMKARGILGANDERBAL BUDGAMBANDIPORABARAMULLAANANTNAG

             SHEEP HUSBANDRY ORGANISATION SRINAGAR---DISTRICT PROFILE

              Despite being over 80% urbanised, sheep farming is practised in about 110 peripheral villages of the district. There are some historically important villages from sheep husbandry point of view, quite fertile and known for sheep rearing activities. These villages include areas like Zakura, Gulabagh and Noubugh, wherefrom the cross breeding programme of the department has started. Moreover, one of the prominent sheep farmers who has worked in league with the department since its inception and cooperated in crossbreeding programmes of the dept. and had maintained big flocks of over 500 sheep, Late Ab. Majid Khan has been from this area. Besides, very close to the heart of the city in Idgah constituency, we have areas like Sangam and Palpora and surrounding villages with much rural appearance having substantial sheep population. The district has a total sheep population of 0.57 lacs with about 83% crossbred sheep and 0.09 lac goat population mostly reared in peripheries. About 1400 families are directly associated with  sheep farming with an annual income of about 11.0 crores on account of 3.44 lac kilograms of meat and 1.04 lac kgs. of wool produced.

Objectives of the dept.: Promotion of sheep farming to the best of the potential and on scientific lines for increasing mutton and wool production and improving economic conditions of sheep farmers/Employment generation for youth by way of modern sheep farming.

 

FACILITATION CENTRES OF THE DEPARTMENT

District sheep husbandry office: Situated at Nowshera, Srinagar, headed by Dist.Sheep Husb.Officer phone 2425954.The office has an administrative control on all departmental activities in the district which include healthcare of flocks, flock up gradations shearing programmes, extension and awareness programmes etc.

Block vety. Office: Srinagar district has only one block and for sheep development activities there is one Block vety. Office at Zakura Sringar headed by Block vety. Officer.The office controls all field activities of the block.

Sheep Extension Centres/First aid Centres: These are the basic units of the dept.wherefrom the facilities are made available to the sheep farmers. Every sheep ext. Centre is manned by an in charge and assisted by one or two Assistant Stockmen. Each centre has a jurisdiction of eight to ten villages covering a minimum sheep and goat population of 2000.District Srinagar has 14 Sheep extn. Centres and 3 First aid centres opened by internal adjustment and are yet to be regularised.

Details of SECíS/FACíS

CONSTITUENCY

NAME OF SEC/FAC

TOTAL SHEEP AND GOAT POP.

                   MAIN VILLAGES COVEARED

IDGAH

PALPORA

4850

PALPORA,GUZARBAL,SHUNGLIPORA,NOORBAGH,

GOORIPORA,

CHOOCHUN,

TENGPORA,BAKSHIPORA,KRISHBAL,BAJIWUDRI,

TAKENWARI

 

SANGAM

4800

Sangam,Bajiwudri,Saidpora

BATMALOO

MALROO

 

MUJGUND

 

PANZINARA

 

LAWEYPORA

2400

 

2000

 

2750

 

2060

Malroo,Khojabagh,Shalteng

 

Chek,Malpora,Mujgund                    

 

Panzinara,Rambelgar

 

Gundhassibhat,Gooripora,Lawaypora

 

 

 

 

SONWAR

DARA

 

FAQIR GUJRI

 

 

KHANMOH

 

BRANE

 

KHIMBER

3475

 

2600

 

 

4400

 

3125

 

4550

 

 

Barji,Darbagh,Dara,Gandthal,Mulnar,Newthed,

Saidpora,Sarbagh,Sharsbal 

Faqirgujri,Astanmarg,Brandken,Barinar,Chekdara, Shalkhud,

 

Athwajan,Balhama,Pandachock,Pandrethan,Zewan,Zawoora.

Aslanpur,Pohloo,Manzgam,Danpur,Ishber

 

Wadimohalla,Sangreshi,Chiterhama,Khimber

HAZRATBAL

ANCHAR

 

BACHPORA

 

TAILBAL

 

ZAKURA

 

BATPORA

3275

 

2300

 

2950

 

4750

 

4100

Dagpora,kokerbagh,Awantabawan.Bohlajpora

 

Umerhair.Ahmadnagar,Buchpora

 

Gosoo,Burzhama,Astanpur,Harwan,Danihama

 

Zakura,Gulabagh,Nowbugh,Rangpora

 

Saedpora,Batpora,Wanihama

CHADOORA

LASJAN

2500

Lasjan,Soiteng,Nowgam,Padshahibagh,

 

 

Departmental Activities

 

Flock up gradation and crossbreeding programmes:

Srinagar district has a breed able ewe population of about 29000 which need services of about 500 rams for breeding purposes. The dept.is presently providing 122 quality rams kept adjusted with selected farmers who take good care of them and get their services. These rams have been obtained either from dept.owned farms or purchased as elite class from the local gene pool under centrally sponsored schemes like RKVY and SWIS. Every elite or outstanding ram having quick growth traits breeds about 50 ewes in a season and the offspringís thus obtained produce about 500 grammas of more wool and 5 kgs. Of more mutton per animal. Undesired or unwanted rams in the local flocks are castriated.During 2011-12 746 rams have been castrated. The details of elite rams purchased under RKVY &SWIS are as:

SNO

YEAR

SCHEME

NO. OF RAMS PURCHASED AND DISTRIBUTED

TOTAL COST

1

2009-10

RKVY

12

0.73 LACS

2

2010-2011

SWIS

26

1.572 3 LACS

3

2011-12

RKVY

10

1.05    LACS

4

2011-12

SWIS

5

0.51162 LACS

5

2012-13

RKVY

3

0.327 lacs

6

2012-13

RKVY

6

0.634 lacs

 

HEALTH CARE ACTIVITIES:

     The emphasis of the department is mostly on the preventive health care and disease control and the interventions are carried out on flock approach basis. Flocks are given anthelmithic treatments minimum twice a year or depending upon the prevalence of infestation in particular area. Control of acute fascioliasis or liver fluke in high risk marshy areas of Maloora,Palpora,Pnzinara,Mujgund,Laweypora and surrounding areas in and around banks of river Jhelum are given additional treatments to avoid losses due to the fatal disease. Besides immunizations against important diseases like clostridial group of diseases causing mortality, sheep pox, foot and mouth disease etc. are routinely carried out in risk areas. Preventive treatment of hooves and insecticidal treatments for control of mange is also conducted. All the treatments and medical care is practised by the department by going door to door and made available on subsidised rates with subsidy ranging from 50 to 75 percent.

Health care activities on flocks of district Srinagar

YEAR 2011-12

YEAR 2012-2013       (First two  quarters)       

Targets for the year                Achievments

No of clinical cases treated

12640

As per morbidity

6870

Anthelminthic dosing

Against Liver fluke

Against Roundworms

Total

 

79012

73537

152549

 

 

 

134000 doses

 

33836

19206

 53042 doses

Vaccinations

FMD

MCC

ENT

Sheep Pox

Total

 

2579

18123

39101

16492

76295

 

 

 

 

 

67000 doses

 

2199

16353

1077

5818

25447 doses

Insecticidal dipping and foot treatments

78621

134000 doses

33676 doses

Revenue realised on account of utilisation of medicine.

Rs.178630

 

 Rs.86650.oo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHEARING OF FLOCKS:

Sheep continuously grow wool and in valley including Srinagar it is clipped or shorn biannually in spring and autumn. The traditional way of shearing is the hand shearing using specialised scissors. However machine shearing  has been introduced which is a quicker gets a smooth shave close to the body ,more staple length more yield and a quicker and comfortable process for the animal. In the district 11875  animals have been mechanically shorn by the dept realising a revenue of 0.61 lacs during 2o11-2o12.Shortage of trained shearers with the department is the main limiting factor for getting less no of flocks shorn mechanically however under a Centrally sponsored scheme RKVY  four local youth have been trained in machine shearing and the department has provided portable machines to such trained youth to bring more and more flocks under the ambit of machine shearing and benefit to the farmers. During the current year about 6900 sheep have been shorn mechanically so far earning a revenue of 0.59 lacs to the department. Srinagar district produces 1.02 lac kilogramís of fine wool earning an income of about 10 million on this account to its growers.J&k has a discretion of producing the best and the finest wool in the country and the flocks of Srinagar produce one of the finest in the state. Wool analysis conducted reveals the the flocks from the areas like zakura ,Gulabagh,Noubugh etc produce wool with fibre fineness of about 20 microns which is considered to be excellent as far as its quality is concerned.

Establishment of first aid camps at highland pastures:

       Highland pastures are the true meadows above forest covers or tree line at altitudes ranging from 8000 to 15000 feet above sea level. Flocks migrate for grazing to these pastures during summer and for providing veterinary care department establishes first aid camps at these pastures where staff remains available day and night during the period. Some beautiful pastures where Srinagar flocks migrate and camps are established include Gumri, Nawkan, Jamshidi, Nichinai, Ledwas, Veshansar, Jawdara, Gangbal, Burzwas and Dagwan etc.

Income generating units:

1 Minisheep farm is a state sector bankable scheme approved by j&k bank with a total project cost of 2.378lacs for a 50 ewe unit. Out of it 0.378lacs is the margin money paid by the beneficiary and the bank pays 2.0 lacs as the loan. The department pays 0.60 lacs as the backend subsidy to the bank. The selection after invitation of applications from marginal farmers and unemployed youth having infrastructure like land, shed some livestock and experience is made by a committee comprising additional dist. Dev. Commissioner as chairman and district sheep husbandry officer and cluster head of the bank as its members. Details of the units set in the district are as:

 

 

  

SNO

NAME OF BENIFICIERY WITH ADRESS

DATE OF ESTB. OF UNIT

NO. OF ANIMALS ISSUED

PRESENT STATUS ON

1-10-2012

1

MUZZAFAR AHMAD KHAN S/0 AB. MAJID KHAN R/O ZAKURA SRINAGAR

22-12-2010

50 Ewes

70

2

SHEHNAZ AHMAD MIR S/O G.AHMAD MIR R/O UMERHAIR

1-2-2012

50 Ewes

52

3

MOHAMMED SULTAN MIR S/O SONAULLA MIR R/O KHIMBER

27-2-2012

50 ewes

57

 

For the current year we have a target for establishment of two units and two cases after selection have been referred to the bank   

2    Participatory mode RKVY is a centrally sponsored  non bankable scheme wherein 25 ewes purchased @Rs. 4000 (now Rs. 4100) per ewe are issued to a beneficiary after his proper selection by a committee comprising Dist. Sheep Husbandry officer, member from district administration and Block vety. Officer. After the second year of establishment 5 ewes are retrieved back every year for five consecutive years from the beneficiary and more such units are established by the retrieved livestock. Details of units set under the scheme are:

SNO

NAME OF BENIFICIERY WITH ADRESS

DATE OF ESTABLISHMENT

NO. OF EWES ISSUED

Status on 1-10-2012

1

BASHIR AHMAH GOJREE S/O M. ISMAIL GOJREE R/O DANPORA BRANE

15-12-2010

25

38

2

Faiz AHMAD KHAN S/O

8-6 2012

26

26

3

TARIQ AHMAD RESHI S/OAB. SATTAR RESHI R/O SANGRESHI KHIMBER

8-1-2011

25

42

4

ADIL HAMID MIR S/O AB. HAMID MIR R/O ZAKURA

8-1-2011

25

52

5

UMER JEELANI MIR S/O GH. JEELANI MIR R/O SAEDPORA HAMCHI

14-2-2011

25

39

6

GULZAR AHMAD MIR S/O GH.RASOOL MIR R/O GULABBAGHG

19-10-2011

25

28

 For the current year we have a target for establishment of one unit and the selection process is on.

Incentives and other benefits to chopans

      Chopans or traditional shepherds are a community who are employed by sheep farmers to rear their flocks from April to November every year. A chopan is engaged for flock of a village or two depending upon the flock strength and on an average a chopan  along with his family rears a flock of three to five hundred sheep.Chopans are very professional and expert in otherwise a very tough and hard job of rearing flocks especially at highland pastures where inclement weather and wild animals are a constant challenge. For their services to the sector and cooperation to the department in implementation of programmes especially at highland pastures the department regularly pays some of them with cash as incentiveís twenty thousand from the district plan has been paid this year in the month of December to forty cooperative chopans @Rs 500 each. During the year 2011-2012 in the month of may fifteen chopans have been given tarpaulins and solar lights for their use at highland pastures under RKVY.

DISTRICT PLAN:

The department under the district plan gets 4.20 lacs . During 2011-2012 a total allotment of 6.40 lacs was made under the dist. Sector. The object wise expenditure is as:

S.NO

OBJECT

BUDJET  Lacs

EXPENDITURE

1

Material supply &Drugs

2.90

Expenditure for purchase of drugs at Directorate level worth 2.80 lacs

2

Works    Last years liability

               New works

1.20

2.10

Utilized by Ex. Engineer Horticulture  Marketing for renovation work at Block office Zakura

3.23 lacs

3

Subsidy incentives

0.20

Paid as incentive to 40 chopans

 

TOTAL

6.40

6.23 Lacs

DISTRICT PLAN 2012-13

 

 

S.NO

OBJECT

BUDGET ALLOTED Lacs

Expenditure

1

Material supply and Drugs

2.90

 

2

New works(Construction of latrin bathroom at zakura

1.10

 

3

Subsidy incentive

0.20

 

 

TOTAL

4.20

 

 

AGRICULTURE ACTIVITIES

The department owns about 32 kannals of land at Zakura Srinagar of which about 25 kannals is cultivable and used for fodder production. Two crops mostly

Maize as kharief and oats as rabbi crop are cultivated. During 2011-12 about 102 quintals of fodder was grown and supplied to departmental farms for the livestock. During the current year about 82 quintals of rabbi crop oats fodder has been obtained and harvestation of kharief crop has just been done During the 2011-12 under a centrally sponsored schemeí Feed and Fodder development programme Ďan amount of Rs 3.92 lacks was spent for repair of fencing, land development and reclamation, construction of farm shed and purchase of seeds and agriculture implements etc

AWARENESS PROGRAMMES

The department routinely arranges extension and awareness programmes for the sheep farmers to keep them informed about latest trends and advances in the management and the health care areas. During the year 2011-12 one such camp was jointly held by District sheep husbandry organisation Srinagar and Budgam on 25 February at Budgam in which large number of sheep breeders from the twin districts participated.

REVENUE REALIZATION

The revenue earned by the organisation on following accounts.

YEAR 2011-2012

YEAR 2012-2013 (First two quarters)

                              SOURCE

AMOUNT REALISED IN LACS

SOURCE

AMOUNT REALISED IN LACS

On account of recovery of subsidised cost of medicine used on private flocks

1.786

 

0.865

Sale and auction of departmental animals in district

0.972

 

0.10

Cost recovery of animals died or lost due to negligence

0.318

 

 

Mechanical shearing of private flocks

0.611

 

0.60

                            TOTAL

3.689

Auction of trees at zakura

0.20

 

 

TOTAL

1.76